Historical Eras of Western Art or Concert Music

(Commonly known as “Classical”)

Time Span Era Some Composers
0600 - 1000 Early Music Mostly annoymous compositions
1000 - 1450 Medieval Hildegard of Bingen, Machaut, Landini
1400 - 1575 Renaissance Dunstable, Dufay, Josquin des Prez, Obrecht, Tallis, Palesrina
1575 - 1750 Baroque Victoria, Gabrieli, Monteverdi, Schutz, Lully, Charpentier, Corelli, Purcell, Scarlatti, Couperin, Vivaldi, J.S. Bach, Handel, Pergolesi
1700 - 1800 Rococo Telemann, Rameau, Tartini, Boyce, C.P.E. Bach, J.C. Bach
1750 - 1850 Classical Gluck, Haydn, Boccerini, Mozart, early Beethoven
1800 - 1900 Romantic late Beethoven, Rossini, Schubert, Berlioz, Schumann, Liszt, Verdi, Franck, Wagner, Borodin, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Dvorak, Grieg
1850 - 1925 Impressionistic Debussy, Delius, Ravel, Vaughan Williams
1900 - 1970 Late Romantic Saint-Saens, Chabrier, Faure, Elgar, Puccini, Mahler, R. Strauss, Sibelius, MacDowell, Dukas, Sriabin, Rachmaninoff, Khachaturian, Falla, Berg, Barber, Bloch, Kodaly, Janacek
1900-2000 Modern Nielsen, Satie, Holst, Ives, Schoenberg, Bartok, Stravinsky, Henze, Gershwin, Villa-Lobos, Copland, Poulenc, Weill, Messiaen, Britten
1925 - 1950 Neo-Classical Prokofiev, Hindemith, Roussel, Bernstein
     1950 - Present Contemporary Adams, Glass, Reich

The musical styles of composers in the various historical eras were generally within the musical forms of the times. Some innovated beyond the accepted limits of their particular time period. Their creations spanned more than one era. Others discovered new ways of expressing their creativity, formulating new styles which developed a following. A few are remembered more by their preferred style of composition, even though it was different than the era in which they were actively creative.